APPLICATIONS: Plasma Physics

3D Simulations of High Energy Radiating Plasmas

Boldarev Aleksey
Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of RAS

DRIVER: 3D numerical modelling of high energy density plasma physics

STRATEGY: Development of 3D parallel research code on the basis of radiative magnetohydrodynamic models

OBJECTIVE: Conduct numerical experiments for the purpose of physical models comparison and approbation, further natural experiments evaluations and design

IMPACT: Efficient computer-aided development of new experimental sets and technologies

USAGE: Full 3D numerical modelling of Z-pinches, some astrophysical problems, etc.

AREA: Plasma Physics

Molecular dynamics simulations of strongly coupled plasma

Bystryi Roman
Joint Institute for High Temperatures of RAS

DRIVER: Modeling ionized nanoclusters

STRATEGY: Computer simulation allows us to understand the processes occurring in ionized nanoclusters. It in turn may explain the experimental data. Which will create a new installation which is practically applicable.

OBJECTIVE: Improving the efficiency energy input by the laser pulse on the target cluster. Molecular dynamics simulation of electron-ion plasma in nanoclusters

IMPACT: The creation of new installations for the generation of X-ray radiation and charged particles flow

USAGE: Basic science, medicine (X-ray microscopy, ion therapy)

AREA: Plasma Physics

3D simulations of high temperature radiative plasmas

Olkhovskaia Olga
Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of RAS

DRIVER: Development of a scientific research code for high performance computing in the field of two-temperature raditive magnetohydrodynamics with dissipation in 3D complex geometry

STRATEGY: HPC numerical simulations

OBJECTIVE: Numerical and theoretical support of experiments in nuclear fusion, plasma technologies, intense radiation sources, and astrophysics

IMPACT: Solving important problems in development of prospective energy sources

USAGE: Controlled nuclear fusion, pulsed power, laser-plasma technology - computational fluid dynamics

AREA: Mathematics, Informatics, Plasma Physics

Formation of the molecular clouds in the external galaxies

Khoperskov Sergey
Sternberg Astronomical Institute

DRIVER: The aim of the project is the simulations of the structure of the molecular clouds with taking into account multiphase interstellar medium (ISM), UV background, chemical reactions, self gravity of the gas and the large scale structure of the galactic discs. The most of the molecular gas forms on the dust grain surface then an important issue is the process of the clouds formation due to dynamical segregation of the ISM dust on sizes, charge and masses of grains.

STRATEGY: The evolution 3D the galactic discs will be simulated numerically. This models should be based on the observational data for sample of the THINGS (The HI Nearby Galaxy Survey) disc galaxies. Segregation of the ISM dust due to turbulent motions within magnetized ISM and galactic halo will be simulated using the hybrid N-body/MHD approach.

OBJECTIVE: Searching of the scenarios of formation and evolution of the molecular clouds in external galaxies. Particular interest is the determination of the dominant mechanism in the process of clouds birth in an inhomogeneous interstellar medium.

IMPACT: The expected results of numerical experiments will help to explain the observed statistical characteristics of molecular hydrogen clouds in external galaxies. Also, these calculations will predict the early stages of the current star formation in galaxies. Accounting segregation of dust may explain the observed heterogeneity of the infrared radiation in the maps of external galaxies obtained by Spizer and Herschel space telescopes.

USAGE: In addition to the direct results of analysis of the properties of molecular gas in galaxies, the calculations of interest may be applicable in a wide range of astrophysical problems. The results of the simulations of the formation and evolution of molecular clouds can be used as initial conditions for the current star formation in galaxies. At the same time, a large sample of clouds allows to test different models of accretion processes. Fundamental application of the results of the calculations is the determination the diffusion mode of charged dust particles in the interstellar medium gas which is partially magnetized.

AREA: Astronomy, Plasma Physics

RFBR Project 12-02-00367 Laboratory modeling of mini-magnetosphere and investigation of new processes of interaction of Solar Wind with small bodies with remnant or artificial magnetism

Shaihislamov Ildar
Institute of Laser Physics, Siberian Branch of RAS

DRIVER: Numerical simulation of mini-magnetosphere above Lunar magnetic anomalies and around magnetized asteroids for comparison and interpretation of experimental data and space observations

STRATEGY: Parallel computations in the frame of Hall three-fluid MHD

OBJECTIVE: Verification of hypothesis that unusual properties of mini-magnetosphere are due mostly to Hall effects. Discovery of new properties and development of complete model of mini-magnetosphere. Explanation of the effect of local magnetic enchantment above lunar anomalies.

IMPACT: Developed by means of numerical simulations a model of mini-magnetosphere will make a base for interpretation of future observations in space missions on asteroids with remnant magnetization and in development of concept of spacecraft magnetic shielding

USAGE: Space sciences and technologies

AREA: Plasma Physics

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